Demographic profile of Hispanics in
Alabama, 2014

This profile contains demographic and economic facts about the Hispanic and non-Hispanic populations in the state of Alabama. All analyses are from Pew Research Center tabulations of the 1% Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) sample of the 2014 American Community Survey 1. For some states where the population of Hispanics or other groups is relatively small, reliable estimates of some indicators cannot be generated. This is indicated by the insertion of "n/a" in the text of this document and in the associated tables.

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Population and national origin

    U.S. rank 2
Total Hispanic population in Alabama 190,000 34
Hispanics as percent of state population 4% 40
Hispanics as percent of U.S. Hispanic population 0.3% 34
U.S.-born Hispanics (percent of Hispanics) 63% 35
Foreign-born Hispanics (percent of Hispanics) 37% 17
Mexican origin (percent of Hispanics) 60% 29
Non-Mexican origin (percent of Hispanics) 40% 19


  Median age (years)
All Hispanics 27
U.S.-born Hispanics 14
Foreign-born Hispanics 35
Non-Hispanic whites 42
Non-Hispanic blacks 33

Marriage and fertility

Marriage: Persons ages 15 and older Percent married
All Hispanics 55%
U.S.-born Hispanics 47%
Foreign-born Hispanics 62%
Non-Hispanic whites 57%
Non-Hispanic blacks 29%
Fertility: Women 15 to 44
Births to Hispanic women (12 month period prior to survey) 3,000
Hispanic births as a percent of all births in Alabama 6%
Births to U.S.-born Hispanics n/a
Births to foreign-born Hispanics n/a

Economic status

Earnings: Persons 16
and older with earnings
Median U.S. rank
Annual personal earnings of Hispanics $20,000 31
Annual personal earnings of non-Hispanic whites $30,000 32
Annual personal earnings of non-Hispanic blacks $20,000 31
Poverty Percent in poverty 3
Hispanics 17 and younger 50%
Non-Hispanic whites 17 and younger 17%
Non-Hispanic blacks 17 and younger 46%
Hispanics 18-64 32%
Non-Hispanic whites 18-64 14%
Non-Hispanic blacks 18-64 28%
Homeownership: Householders Homeownership rate U.S. rank
Hispanics 43% 23
Non-Hispanic whites 75% 9
Non-Hispanic blacks 50% 4

Health insurance

Percent uninsured
Hispanics 31%
U.S.-born Hispanics 13%
Foreign-born Hispanics 62%
Non-Hispanic whites 10%
Non-Hispanic blacks 15%
Hispanics 17 and younger 9%
Non-Hispanic whites 17 and younger 4%
Non-Hispanic blacks 17 and younger 2%

School enrollment

U.S. rank
Number of Hispanics enrolled in K-12 47,000 35
Hispanics as percent of all K-12 students 6% 36


Language at home: Persons 5 and older
Only English spoken at home 55,000 (32%)
Language other than only English spoken at home 113,000 (68%)
  1. Users should exercise caution when comparing the 2014 estimates with estimates for previous years. Population estimates in the 2010 ACS and later are based on the latest information from the 2010 decennial census; the 2005 to 2009 ACS estimates are based on the latest information available for those surveys—updates of the 2000 decennial census. The impact of this discontinuity on comparisons between the 2010 ACS and ealier years is discussed in a Pew Research Center report.
  2. National rankings include the District of Columbia as well as the 50 states. Some states may not be ranked due to small sample size.
  3. For detailed information on how poverty status is determined, see Due to the way in which the IPUMS assigns poverty values, these data will differ from those that might be provided by the U.S. Census Bureau.