April 19, 2016

2014, Foreign-Born Population in the United States Statistical Portrait

*Visit the most recent data.

There were a record 42.2 million immigrants living in the U.S. in 2014, making up 13.2% of the nation’s population. This represents a fourfold increase since 1960, when only 9.7 million immigrants lived in the U.S., accounting for just 5.4% of the total U.S. population. Click on any of the bold headings below in the summary table to see detailed tables for each.

Click here for a PDF of all the tables below and read the accompanying report. Download the Excel workbook.

For a statistical portrait of the Hispanic population in the United States, click here.


Characteristics of the U.S. Foreign-born Population: 2014
% of the foreign-born population, unless otherwise noted
Population/Region of Birth/Nativity/Language Use/Race/Years in the U.S.
Population (#) 42,235,749
Born in Mexico 27.7
Citizen 47.3
Speaking English at least very well (ages 5 and older) 50.4
White alone, not Hispanic 18.1
Age/Gender/Marital Status/Fertility
Median age (in years) 43
Female 51.3
Married (ages 18 and older) 59.7
Women ages 15-44 giving birth in past year 7.5
Educational Attainment and Enrollment
(highest degree completed, ages 25 and older)
High school graduate or less 52.4
Two-year degree/Some college 19.0
Bachelor’s degree or more 28.6
(ages 16 and older)
In labor force (among civilian population) 66.3
Median annual personal earnings (in 2014 dollars, among those with earnings) $26,000
Median annual household income (in 2014 dollars) $49,071
Poverty/Health Care
Living in poverty 17.7
Uninsured 26.6
Homeownership and Household Characteristics
In family households 86.4
Region and Top Five States of Residence in 2014
West 34.8
California 24.8
South 32.7
Texas 10.6
Florida 9.4
Northeast 21.4
New York 10.6
New Jersey 4.6
Midwest 11.1
Source: Pew Research Center tabulations of 2014 American Community Survey (1% IPUMS)


Click on each heading below to expand and see detailed tables.