October 1, 2012

Latinos in the 2012 Election: Alabama

Updated November 5, 2012

This profile provides key demographic information on Latino eligible voters1 and other major groups of eligible voters in Alabama.2 All demographic data are based on Pew Hispanic Center tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau’s 2010 American Community Survey.3

Alabama Voter Registration Statistics

According to the Alabama Secretary of State Elections Division, voter registration statistics as of October 2012 show that 18,000 Latinos are registered to vote statewide. Overall, Latinos make up 0.6% of the state’s 3.2 million registered voters. The majority of voters in Alabama are white—there are 2.2 million white registered voters, representing 70.6% of all registered voters in Alabama. Additionally, about a quarter of registered voters in Alabama are black (26.7%), with about 845,000 statewide. Native Americans represent a slightly smaller share of registered voters than Hispanics, with 11,000 registered statewide (0.3% of all registered voters in Alabama).

The numbers and shares of Hispanics and other minorities among registered voters in Alabama have grown slightly since the presidential election in November 2008. There are about 6,000 more Hispanic registered voters today, and their share has risen from 0.4% of all registered voters in the state to 0.6%. In 2008, whites made up 71.8% of registered voters in the state, only slightly larger than their share today (70.6%).

Hispanics in Alabama’s Eligible Voter Population

Characteristics of Eligible Voters

Characteristics of Eligible Voters in Alabama, by Race and Ethnicity


  1. Eligible voters are defined as U.S. citizens ages 18 and older. Eligible voters are not the same as registered voters. To cast a vote, in all states except North Dakota, an eligible voter must first register to vote.
  2. The terms “Hispanic” and “Latino” are used interchangeably. References to other races and ethnicities are to the non-Hispanic components of those populations.
  3. This statistical profile of eligible voters is based on the Census Bureau’s 2010 American Community Survey (ACS). The ACS is the largest household survey in the United States, with a sample of about 3 million addresses. The data used for this statistical profile come from the 2010 ACS Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS), representing a 1% sample of the U.S. population. Like any survey, estimates from the ACS are subject to sampling error and (potentially) measurement error. More information is available on ACS sampling strategy and associated error.
  4. Rankings for “Percent of Hispanic population eligible to vote” are based on the District of Columbia and the 46 states whose Hispanic samples in the 2010 ACS are large enough to generate reliable estimates. All other rankings are based on the District of Columbia and the 50 states.