Latinos in the 2010 Elections: Hawaii
This statistical profile provides key demographic information of Latino eligible voters in Hawaii.1 It also contains data on other major groups of eligible voters in Hawaii.2 All data are based on Pew Hispanic Center tabulations of the Census Bureau’s 2008 American Community Survey.3
Hispanics in Hawaii’s Eligible Voter Population
- The Hispanic population in Hawaii is the 38th-largest in the nation. Some 109,000 Hispanics reside in Hawaii.
- The population in Hawaii is 8% Hispanic, the 20th-highest Hispanic population share nationally.
- There are 62,000 eligible Hispanic voters in Hawaii—the 30th-largest Hispanic eligible-voter population nationally. California ranks first with 5.4 million.
- Some 7% of eligible voters in Hawaii are Latinos, the 12th-largest Hispanic eligible voter population share nationally. New Mexico ranks first with 38%.
- Nearly six-in-ten (57%) of Latinos in Hawaii are eligible to vote, ranking Hawaii fourth nationwide in the share of the Hispanic population that is eligible to vote. In contrast, 80% of the state’s white population is eligible to vote.
Characteristics of Eligible Voters
- Age. Some 36% of Hispanic eligible voters in Hawaii are ages 18 to 29, greater than the share of all Latino eligible voters nationwide (31%) in that age range. By contrast, only 22% of all Hawaii eligible voters and U.S. eligible voters are ages 18 to 29.
- Citizenship. One-in-ten of Hispanic eligible voters in Hawaii (10%) are naturalized U.S. citizens, compared with 13% of all Hawaii eligible voters. Hispanic eligible voters in Hawaii are more likely to be native-born citizens (90%) than are Hispanic eligible voters nationwide (74%).
- Educational Attainment. One-in-ten of Latino eligible voters in Hawaii (11%) have not completed high school. That was less than the rate for all Latino eligible voters—26%—and the rate for U.S. eligible voters nationwide—13%.
- Homeownership. Less than half of Hispanic eligible voters in Hawaii (45%) live in owner-occupied homes, compared with 60% of all Hispanic eligible voters nationwide. Somewhat greater shares of all eligible voters in Hawaii (63%) and all eligible voters nationwide (70%) live in owner-occupied homes.
Characteristics of Eligible Voters in Hawaii, by Race and Ethnicity
- Number of Latino Eligible Voters. Asian eligible voters outnumber Latino eligible voters in Hawaii by a margin of more than 5 to 1—352,000 Asians compared with 62,000 Hispanic eligible voters.
- Age. Latino eligible voters are younger than white and Asian eligible voters in Hawaii. More than one third (36%) of Latinos are ages 18 to 29 compared with 23% of white eligible voters and 13% of Asian eligible voters.
- Educational Attainment. Hispanic eligible voters in Hawaii have lower levels of education than do Asians or white voters. A majority 52% of Hispanic eligible voters have attended college or earned at least a bachelor’s degree compared with 60% of Asian and 74% of white eligible voters.
- Homeownership. Hispanic eligible voters are less likely than white or Asian eligible voters in Hawaii to live in owner-occupied homes—45% versus 53% and 78%, respectively.
- Eligible voters are defined as U.S. citizens ages 18 and older. Eligible voters are not the same as registered voters. To cast a vote, in all states except North Dakota, an eligible voter must first register to vote. ↩
- The terms “Hispanic” and “Latino” are used interchangeably. References to “whites,” “blacks,” and “Asians” are to the non-Hispanic components of those populations. ↩
- This statistical profile of eligible voters in Hawaii is based on the Census Bureau’s 2008 American Community Survey (ACS). The ACS is the largest household survey in the United States, with a sample of about 3 million addresses. The data used for this statistical profile come from 2008 ACS Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS), representing a 1% sample of the U.S. population. Like any survey, estimates from the ACS are subject to sampling error and (potentially) measurement error. Information on the ACS sampling strategy and associated error is available at http://www.census.gov/acs/www/Downloads/data_documentation/Accuracy/accuracy2008.pdf. An example of measurement error is that citizenship rates for the foreign born are estimated to be overstated in the Decennial Census and other official surveys, such as the ACS (see Jeffrey Passel. “Growing Share of Immigrants Choosing Naturalization,” Pew Hispanic Center, Washington, D.C. (March 28, 2008)). ↩