May 8, 2008

Hispanic Women in the United States, 2007

III. Economic Characteristics

Labor Force

A greater share of native-born Hispanic women than immigrant Hispanic women participate in the labor force.

Weekly Earnings

Hispanic women employed full time earn lower median weekly wages than non-Hispanic women.

Household Income in 2006

Hispanic women are more likely to live in lower income households and less likely to reside in upper income households than non-Hispanic women.

Definition of Income Groups

In this section, household incomes are adjusted for the number of people in a household and are presented for a household size of three (see Section II Appendix of Pew Social and Demographic Trends, “Inside the Middle Class: Bad Times Hit the Good Life” (April 2008) for a more detailed explanation of adjusted household income and income group assignments). In 2006, the median household income scaled to represent a three-person household was $32,046. By our definition, a woman is considered middle income if she lives in a household with an annual income that falls within 75% to 150% of the median household income. In 2006, that income range for a three-person household was $24,035 to $48,069. A woman whose median household income is above that range is considered in the upper income group; a woman whose household income is below that range is in the lower income group.


Hispanic women are nearly twice as likely as non-Hispanic women to live in poverty.


Hispanic women are much more likely than non-Hispanic women to be employed in blue-collar occupations.


Hispanic women are overrepresented in industries with relatively more blue-collar jobs.

  1. A woman is defined as living in poverty if her family income-to-poverty ratio is 1.00 or greater. The income-to-poverty ratio is a person’s family income divided by a government-calculated poverty threshold that is based upon family size and type. For more information about how the income-to-poverty ratio is calculated, see