Demographic profile of Hispanics in
Texas, 2014

This profile contains demographic and economic facts about the Hispanic and non-Hispanic populations in the state of Texas. All analyses are from Pew Research Center tabulations of the 1% Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) sample of the 2014 American Community Survey 1. For some states where the population of Hispanics or other groups is relatively small, reliable estimates of some indicators cannot be generated. This is indicated by the insertion of "n/a" in the text of this document and in the associated tables.

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Population and national origin

    U.S. rank 2
Total Hispanic population in Texas 10,405,000 2
Hispanics as percent of state population 39% 3
Hispanics as percent of U.S. Hispanic population 18.8% 2
U.S.-born Hispanics (percent of Hispanics) 70% 20
Foreign-born Hispanics (percent of Hispanics) 30% 32
Mexican origin (percent of Hispanics) 87% 3
Non-Mexican origin (percent of Hispanics) 13% 45

Age

  Median age (years)
All Hispanics 28
U.S.-born Hispanics 20
Foreign-born Hispanics 41
Non-Hispanic whites 41
Non-Hispanic blacks 33

Marriage and fertility

Marriage: Persons ages 15 and older Percent married
All Hispanics 49%
U.S.-born Hispanics 41%
Foreign-born Hispanics 61%
Non-Hispanic whites 57%
Non-Hispanic blacks 35%
Fertility: Women 15 to 44
Births to Hispanic women (12 month period prior to survey) 182,000
Hispanic births as a percent of all births in Texas 47%
Births to U.S.-born Hispanics 111,000 (61%)
Births to foreign-born Hispanics 71,000 (39%)

Economic status

Earnings: Persons 16
and older with earnings
Median U.S. rank
Annual personal earnings of Hispanics $22,000 19
Annual personal earnings of non-Hispanic whites $39,000 10
Annual personal earnings of non-Hispanic blacks $26,400 9
Poverty Percent in poverty 3
Hispanics 17 and younger 34%
Non-Hispanic whites 17 and younger 10%
Non-Hispanic blacks 17 and younger 33%
Hispanics 18-64 21%
Non-Hispanic whites 18-64 10%
Non-Hispanic blacks 18-64 20%
Homeownership: Householders Homeownership rate U.S. rank
Hispanics 55% 4
Non-Hispanic whites 70% 37
Non-Hispanic blacks 41% 14

Health insurance

Percent uninsured
Hispanics 31%
U.S.-born Hispanics 21%
Foreign-born Hispanics 53%
Non-Hispanic whites 11%
Non-Hispanic blacks 17%
Hispanics 17 and younger 16%
Non-Hispanic whites 17 and younger 7%
Non-Hispanic blacks 17 and younger 6%

School enrollment

U.S. rank
Number of Hispanics enrolled in K-12 2,450,000 2
Hispanics as percent of all K-12 students 48% 3

Language

Language at home: Persons 5 and older
Only English spoken at home 2,267,000 (24%)
Language other than only English spoken at home 7,155,000 (76%)
  1. Users should exercise caution when comparing the 2014 estimates with estimates for previous years. Population estimates in the 2010 ACS and later are based on the latest information from the 2010 decennial census; the 2005 to 2009 ACS estimates are based on the latest information available for those surveys—updates of the 2000 decennial census. The impact of this discontinuity on comparisons between the 2010 ACS and ealier years is discussed in a Pew Research Center report.
  2. National rankings include the District of Columbia as well as the 50 states. Some states may not be ranked due to small sample size.
  3. For detailed information on how poverty status is determined, see http://usa.ipums.org/usa-action/variables/POVERTY. Due to the way in which the IPUMS assigns poverty values, these data will differ from those that might be provided by the U.S. Census Bureau.