Demographic Profile of Hispanics in
Alabama, 2011

This profile contains demographic and economic facts about the Hispanic and non-Hispanic populations in the state of Alabama . All analyses are from Pew Hispanic Center tabulations of the 1% Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) sample of the 2011 American Community Survey 1. For some states where the population of Hispanics or other groups is relatively small, reliable estimates of some indicators cannot be generated. This is indicated by the insertion of "n/a" in the text of this document and in the associated tables.

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Population and National Origin

    U.S. Rank 2
Total Hispanic Population in Alabama 186,000 33
Hispanics as Percent of State Population 4% 40
Hispanics as Percent of U.S. Hispanic Population 0.4% 33
Native-Born Hispanics (Percent of Hispanics) 54% 45
Foreign-Born Hispanics (Percent of Hispanics) 46% 7
Mexican Origin (Percent of Hispanics) 69% 23
Non-Mexican Origin (Percent of Hispanics) 31% 25


  Median Age (years)
All Hispanics 25
Native-Born Hispanics 13
Foreign-Born Hispanics 32
Non-Hispanic Whites 41
Non-Hispanic Blacks 32

Marriage and Fertility

Marriage: Persons Ages 15 and Older Percent Married
All Hispanics 46%
Native-Born Hispanics 37%
Foreign-Born Hispanics 52%
Non-Hispanic Whites 56%
Non-Hispanic Blacks 30%
Fertility: Women 15 to 44
Births to Hispanic Women (12 month period prior to survey) 5,000
Hispanic Births as a Percent of All Births in Alabama 7%
Births to Native-Born Hispanics n/a
Births to Foreign-Born Hispanics n/a

Economic Status

Earnings: Persons 16
and older with earnings
Median U.S. Rank
Annual Personal Earnings of Hispanics $18,000 34
Annual Personal Earnings of Non-Hispanic Whites $30,000 23
Annual Personal Earnings of Non-Hispanic Blacks $20,000 29
Poverty Percent in Poverty 3
Hispanics 17 and Younger 47%
Non-Hispanic Whites 17 and Younger 17%
Non-Hispanic Blacks 17 and Younger 46%
Hispanics 18-64 27%
Non-Hispanic Whites 18-64 13%
Non-Hispanic Blacks 18-64 28%
Homeownership: Householders Homeownership Rate U.S. Rank
Hispanics 49% 16
Non-Hispanic Whites 77% 6
Non-Hispanic Blacks 53% 5

Health Insurance

Percent Uninsured
Hispanics 44%
Native-Born Hispanics 19%
Foreign-Born Hispanics 72%
Non-Hispanic Whites 12%
Non-Hispanic Blacks 18%
Hispanics 17 and Younger 23%
Non-Hispanic Whites 17 and Younger 4%
Non-Hispanic Blacks 17 and Younger 5%

School Enrollment

U.S. Rank
Number of Hispanics Enrolled in K-12 43,000 35
Hispanics as Percent of All K-12 Students 5% 36


Language at Home: Persons 5 and Older
Only English Spoken at Home 43,000 (27%)
Language Other than Only English Spoken at Home 120,000 (73%)
  1. Users should exercise caution when comparing the 2011 estimates with estimates for previous years. Population estimates in the 2010 ACS and later are based on the latest information from the 2010 Decennial Census; the 2005 to 2009 ACS estimates are based on the latest information available for those surveys—updates of the 2000 Decennial Census. The impact of this discontinuity on comparisons between the 2010 ACS and earlier years is discussed in a recent Pew Hispanic report.
  2. National rankings include the District of Columbia as well as the 50 states. Some states may not be ranked due to small sample size.
  3. For detailed information on how poverty status is determined, see Due to the way in which the IPUMS assigns poverty values, these data will differ from those that might be provided by the U.S. Census Bureau.