May 3, 2017

Unauthorized immigrant population in the United States, 1990-2016

Year Estimate Range (+/-)
2016* 11,300,000 650,000
2015 11,000,000 190,000
2014 11,100,000 170,000
2013 11,200,000 170,000
2012 11,200,000 170,000
2011 11,500,000 160,000
2010 11,400,000 160,000
2009 11,300,000 150,000
2008 11,700,000 160,000
2007 12,200,000 160,000
2006 11,600,000 170,000
2005 11,100,000 150,000
2000 8,600,000 600,000
1995 5,700,000 525,000
1990 3,500,000

*There is no statistically significant difference between the 2015 estimate and 2016 preliminary estimate.
Source: Pew Research Center estimates for 2005-2015 based on augmented American Community Survey data (IPUMS); for 2016 and 1995-2004 based on March Supplements of the Current Population Survey. Estimates for 1990 from Warren and Warren (2013).

Pew Research Center