The number of unauthorized immigrants living in the U.S.—11.3 million in 2013—has stabilized since the end of the Great Recession in 2009, according to new Pew Research Center estimates. The marked slowdown in new arrivals means that those who remain are more likely to be long-term residents, and to live with their U.S.-born children. In 2013, adult unauthorized immigrants had lived in the U.S. for a median time of nearly 13 years, up from 7.5 years in 2003.
Puerto Ricans have left the financially troubled island for the U.S. mainland this decade in their largest numbers since the Great Migration after World War II, citing job-related reasons above all others. These migrants are also different from earlier waves, being less likely to settle in traditional Northeast communities and more likely to live in the South, especially in Florida. This escalated loss of migrants has fueled the island’s first sustained population decline as a U.S. territory, even as the stateside Puerto Rican population grew briskly.
As the number of unaccompanied children trying to cross the U.S.-Mexico border has surged, the increase in apprehensions among children 12 and younger has been far greater than among teens, though the bulk of unaccompanied children caught at the border are teenagers. The new figures, obtained through a Freedom of Information Act request by the Pew Research Center, provide the first publicly available detailed portrait of the age and home country of child migrants—unaccompanied and accompanied—caught at the U.S.-Mexico border from Oct. 1, 2012, to May 31, 2014. The time period covers the previous fiscal year and two-thirds (8 months) of the current one.
- Related: Many Mexican child migrants caught multiple times at border
- At the border, a sharp rise in unaccompanied girls fleeing Honduras
- Surge of Central American Children Roils U.S. Immigration Debate
- DHS: Violence, poverty, is driving children to flee Central America to U.S.
- Number of Latino children caught trying to enter U.S. nearly doubles in less than a year
Trends in migration flows, the characteristics of the foreign-born population and attitudes towards immigration policy issues.
- Children 12 and under are fastest growing group of unaccompanied minors at U.S. border
- The Rise of Federal Immigration Crimes
- On Immigration Policy, Deportation Relief Seen As More Important Than Citizenship
- Population Decline of Unauthorized Immigrants Stalls, May Have Reversed
- Unauthorized Immigrants: How Pew Research Counts Them and What We Know About Them
- The Path Not Taken: Two-Thirds of Legal Mexican Immigrants are not U.S. Citizens
- Net Migration from Mexico Falls to Zero—and Perhaps Less
- Unauthorized Immigrant Population: National and State Trends, 2010
Reports and public opinion surveys examining the changing electoral participation and views of Latinos.
- Election Fact Sheets: Data on the size and social and economic characteristics of the Hispanic and non-Hispanic eligible voter populations. 2012 | 2010 | 2008
- Interactive: Mapping the Latino Electorate
- Inside the 2012 Latino Electorate
- Six Take-Aways from the Census Bureau’s Voting Report
- Politics and Race: Looking Ahead to 2060
- Latino Voters in the 2012 Election
- The Latino Vote in the 2010 Elections
- The Latino Electorate in 2010:
More Voters, More Non-Voters
The Hispanic Trends Project recently published “When Labels Don’t Fit: Hispanics and their Views of Identity,” a report based on a nationwide survey that found most Hispanics don’t embrace the term “Hispanic.” And even fewer prefer the term “Latino.”
We then invited journalists, scholars and civic leaders to share their views about identity.
11.07.12 Latino Voters in the 2012 Election