September 18, 2017

Facts on U.S. Latinos, 2015

Statistical portrait of Hispanics in the United States

Characteristics of the U.S. Hispanic population: 1980-2015

There were 56.5 million Hispanics in the United States in 2015, comprising 17.6% of the total U.S. population. In 1980, with a population of 14.8 million, Hispanics made up just 6.5% of the total U.S. population. Click on the expand buttons below the summary tables to see detailed tables for each.

Click here for a PDF of all the tables below and read the accompanying blog post, “How the U.S. Hispanic population is changing.” Download the Excel workbook.

For a profile of the foreign-born population in the United States, click here.

19801990200020102015Population (#)14,775,08021,836,85135,204,48050,729,57056,476,777MexicanN/AN/AN/A64.9%63.3%Foreign born28.3%35.7%40.1%37.1%34.4%Speaking English at least very well (ages 5 and older)59.0%60.7%59.3%64.8%69.0%WhiteN/AN/A47.8%64.1%66.3%

Population/Hispanic Origin/Language Use/Race

19801990200020102015Median age (in years)2225252728Female50.4%54.9%55.0%47.8%45.8%Married (ages 18 and older)60.5%54.9%55.0%47.8%45.8%Women ages 15-44 giving birth in past yearN/AN/AN/A8.1%6.7%

Age/Gender/Marital Status/Fertility

19801990200020102015High school graduate or less78.4%71.7%69.6%64.1%61.4%Two-year degree/Some college13.9%19.2%19.9%22.8%23.6%Bachelor’s degree or more7.7%9.1%10.5%13.1%15.0%

Educational Attainment and Enrollment (highest degree completed, ages 25 and older)

19801990200020102015In labor force (among civilian population)62.9%67.3%61.2%67.6%67.0%Median annual personal earnings
(in 2015 dollars, among those with earnings)N/A$21,114$23,406$21,742$24,000Median annual household income (in 2015 dollars)$36,751$42,227$45,835$43,484$44,800

Work/Earnings/Income (ages 16 and older)

19801990200020102015Living in poverty23.2%24.9%22.5%24.7%21.9%


19801990200020102015In family households93.3%92.6%92.3%91.2%90.6%

Homeownership and Household Characteristics

19801990200020102015West42.7%45.5%43.4%40.8%40.0%California31.0%34.6%31.0%27.8%26.9%South30.6%30.4%32.8%36.1%36.9%Texas20.4%19.6%18.9%18.8%18.9%Florida5.7%7.1%7.6%8.4%8.8%Northeast17.9%16.6%14.9%13.8%14.0%New York11.4%9.8%8.1%6.8%6.6%Midwest8.7%7.6%8.9%9.2%9.1%Illinois4.4%4.0%4.3%4.0%3.8%

Region and Top Five States of Residence

Source: Pew Research Center tabulations of 1960, 1970, 1980, 1990 and 2000 censuses and 2010 and 2015 American Community Surveys (IPUMS). Total foreign-born population estimates for 1960-2000 shown here may differ from other reported estimates since they are based on IPUMS data files (1% samples in 1960 and 1970 and 5% samples in 1980, 1990 and 2000), and are not based on U.S. Census Bureau population estimates.
“Statistical Portrait of the Foreign-Born Population in the United States, 1960-2015”