September 18, 2017

Facts on U.S. Latinos, 2015

Statistical portrait of Hispanics in the United States

Characteristics of the U.S. Hispanic population: 2015

There were 56.5 million Hispanics in the United States in 2015, comprising 17.6% of the total U.S. population. In 1980, with a population of 14.8 million, Hispanics made up just 6.5% of the total U.S. population. Click on the expand buttons below the summary tables to see detailed tables for each.

Click here for a PDF of all the tables below and read the accompanying blog post, “How the U.S. Hispanic population is changing.” Download the Excel workbook.

For a profile of the foreign-born population in the United States, click here.

Population/Hispanic Origin/Nativity/Language Use/Race
Population (#) 56,476,777
Mexican 63.3%
Foreign born 34.4%
Speaking English at least very well (ages 5 and older) 69.0%
White 66.3%
Age/Gender/Marital Status/Fertility
Median age (in years) 28
Female 49.5%
Married (ages 18 and older) 45.8%
Women ages 15-44 giving birth in past year 6.7%
Educational Attainment and Enrollment (highest degree completed, ages 25 and older)
High school graduate or less 61.4%
Two-year degree/Some college 23.6%
Bachelor’s degree or more 15.0%
Work/Earnings/Income (ages 16 and older)
In labor force (among civilian population) 67.0%
Median annual personal earnings (in 2015 dollars, among those with earnings) $24,000
Median annual household income (in 2015 dollars) $44,800
Poverty/Government Assistance/Health Care
Living in poverty 21.9%
Uninsured 19.7%
Homeownership and Household Characteristics
In family households 90.6%
Region and Top Five States of Residence
West 40.0%
California 26.9%
South 36.9
Texas 18.9%
Florida 8.8%
Northeast 14.0%
New York 6.6%
Midwest 9.1%
Illinois 3.8%

Source: Pew Research Center tabulations of 2015 American Community Survey (1% IPUMS)
“Statistical Portrait of the Foreign-Born Population in the United States, 2015”