May 3, 2017

Facts on U.S. Immigrants, 2015

Statistical portrait of the foreign-born population in the United States

Characteristics of the U.S. foreign-born population: 2015

There were a record 43.2 million immigrants living in the U.S. in 2015, making up 13.4% of the nation’s population. This represents a fourfold increase since 1960, when only 9.7 million immigrants lived in the U.S., accounting for just 5.4% of the total U.S. population. Click on the expand buttons below the summary tables to see detailed tables for each.

Click here for a PDF of all the tables below and read the accompanying blog post. Download the Excel workbook.

For a profile of the Hispanic population in the United States, click here.

Population/Region of Birth/Nativity/Language Use/Race/Years in the U.S.
Population (#) 43,158,110
Born in Mexico 26.8%
Citizen 48.0%
Speaking English at least very well (ages 5 and older) 51.0%
White alone, not Hispanic 18.1%
Age/Gender/Marital Status/Fertility
Median age (in years) 43
Female 51.4%
Married (ages 18 and older) 59.8%
Women ages 15-44 giving birth in past year 7.4%
Educational Attainment and Enrollment (highest degree completed, ages 25 and older)
High school graduate or less 51.6%
Two-year degree/Some college 18.7%
Bachelor’s degree or more 29.7%
Work/Earnings/Income (ages 16 and older)
In labor force (among civilian population) 66.0%
Median annual personal earnings (in 2015 dollars, among those with earnings) $28,000
Median annual household income (in 2015 dollars) $51,000
Poverty/Health Insurance
Living in poverty 16.5%
Uninsured 22.2%
Homeownership and Household Characteristics
In family households 86.3%
Region and Top Five States of Residence in 2015
West 34.6%
California 24.7%
South 32.9%
Texas 10.7%
Florida 9.5%
Northeast 21.3%
New York 10.5%
New Jersey 4.6%
Midwest 11.1%

Source: Pew Research Center tabulations of 2015 American Community Survey (1% IPUMS) “Statistical Portrait of the Foreign-Born Population in the United States, 2015”