May 3, 2017

Statistical Portrait of the Foreign-Born Population in the United States

There were a record 43.2 million immigrants living in the U.S. in 2015, making up 13.4% of the nation’s population. This represents a fourfold increase since 1960, when only 9.7 million immigrants lived in the U.S., accounting for just 5.4% of the total U.S. population. Click on any of the bold headings below in the summary table to see detailed tables for each.

Click here for a PDF of all the tables below and read the accompanying blog post. Download the Excel workbook.

For a statistical portrait of the Hispanic population in the United States, click here.

 

Characteristics of the U.S. Foreign-born Population: 1960-2015
% of the foreign-born population, unless otherwise noted
1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2015
Population/Region of Birth/Nativity/Language Use/Race
Population (#) 9,729,147 9,744,833 14,079,460 19,682,004 31,133,481 39,916,875 43,158,110
Born in Mexico 6.0 8.1 15.6 21.7 29.4 29.4 26.8
Citizen N/A 63.7 50.4 40.5 40.3 43.7 48.0
Speaking English at least very well (ages 5 and older) N/A N/A 57.2 53.0 49.0 48.4 51.0
White alone, not Hispanic N/A N/A 49.3 31.2 22.0 18.7 18.1
Age/Gender/Marital Status/Fertility
Median age (in years) 57 50 39 37 37 41 43
Female 51.1 54.1 53.4 51.1 50.2 51.0 51.4
Married (ages 18 and older) 68.4 67.0 64.1 61.9 62.8 60.0 59.8
Women ages 15-44 giving birth in past year N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 8.5 7.4
Educational Attainment and Enrollment
(highest degree completed, ages 25 and older)
High school graduate or less 88.9 82.4 70.1 60.9 57.4 54.2 51.6
Two-year degree/Some college 6.0 8.7 14.1 18.8 18.5 18.8 18.7
Bachelor’s degree or more 5.1 9.0 15.8 20.3 24.1 27.1 29.7
Work/Earnings/Income
(ages 16 and older)
In labor force (among civilian population) 47.5 48.3 55.4 64.2 60.5 67.7 66.6
Median annual personal earnings (in 2015 dollars, among those with earnings) N/A N/A N/A $26,362 $27,526 $26,061 $28,000
Median annual household income (in 2015 dollars) N/A N/A $39,432 $49,209 $53,778 $49,624 $51,000
Poverty
Living in poverty 19.1 14.6 15.2 17.8 17.7 18.7 16.5
Homeownership and Household Characteristics
In family households 88.0 86.5 85.9 87.4 87.9 87.0 86.3
Region and Top Five States of Residence in 2015
West 19.8 24.0 32.4 39.6 37.9 35.4 34.6
California 13.7 18.0 25.4 32.7 28.5 25.4 24.7
South 9.9 14.5 20.6 23.2 27.7 31.9 32.9
Texas 3.2 3.6 6.1 7.7 9.3 10.4 10.7
Florida 2.7 5.5 7.5 8.4 8.6 9.2 9.5
Northeast 47.0 42.1 32.0 26.5 23.2 21.5 21.3
New York 23.5 21.5 17.0 14.4 12.4 10.8 10.5
New Jersey 6.4 6.5 5.4 4.9 4.7 4.6 4.6
Midwest 23.3 19.5 15.0 10.8 11.3 11.1 11.1
Source: Pew Research Center tabulations of 1960, 1970, 1980, 1990 and 2000 censuses and 2010 and 2015 American Community Surveys (IPUMS). Total foreign-born population estimates for 1960-2000 shown here may differ from other reported estimates since they are based on IPUMS data files (1% samples in 1960 and 1970 and 5% samples in 1980, 1990 and 2000), and are not based on U.S. Census Bureau population estimates.
“Statistical Portrait of the Foreign-Born Population in the United States, 1960-2015”


Click on each heading below to expand and see detailed tables.

Population/Region of Birth/Nativity/Language Use/Race

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Age/Gender/Marital Status/Fertility

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Educational Attainment and Enrollment

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Work/Earnings/Income

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Poverty

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Homeownership and Household Characteristics

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Region and Top Five States of Residence in 2015

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