April 19, 2016

Statistical Portrait of the Foreign-Born Population in the United States

There were a record 42.2 million immigrants living in the U.S. in 2014, making up 13.2% of the nation’s population. This represents a fourfold increase since 1960, when only 9.7 million immigrants lived in the U.S., accounting for just 5.4% of the total U.S. population. Click on any of the bold headings below in the summary table to see detailed tables for each.

Click here for a PDF of all the tables below and read the accompanying report. Download the Excel workbook.

For a statistical portrait of the Hispanic population in the United States, click here.

 

Characteristics of the U.S. Foreign-born Population: 2014
% of the foreign-born population, unless otherwise noted
Population/Region of Birth/Nativity/Language Use/Race/Years in the U.S.
Population (#) 42,235,749
Born in Mexico 27.7
Citizen 47.3
Speaking English at least very well (ages 5 and older) 50.4
White alone, not Hispanic 18.1
Age/Gender/Marital Status/Fertility
Median age (in years) 43
Female 51.3
Married (ages 18 and older) 59.7
Women ages 15-44 giving birth in past year 7.5
Educational Attainment and Enrollment
(highest degree completed, ages 25 and older)
High school graduate or less 52.4
Two-year degree/Some college 19.0
Bachelor’s degree or more 28.6
Work/Earnings/Income
(ages 16 and older)
In labor force (among civilian population) 66.3
Median annual personal earnings (in 2014 dollars, among those with earnings) $26,000
Median annual household income (in 2014 dollars) $49,071
Poverty/Health Care
Living in poverty 17.7
Uninsured 26.6
Homeownership and Household Characteristics
In family households 86.4
Region and Top Five States of Residence in 2014
West 34.8
California 24.8
South 32.7
Texas 10.6
Florida 9.4
Northeast 21.4
New York 10.6
New Jersey 4.6
Midwest 11.1
Source: Pew Research Center tabulations of 2014 American Community Survey (1% IPUMS)

Click on each heading below to expand and see detailed tables.

Population/Region of Birth/Nativity/Language Use/Race/Years in the U.S.

Population, by Nativity and Citizenship Status: 2014 Foreign Born, by Region of Birth: 2014 Population, by Nativity, Race and Ethnicity: 2014 Racial Self-Identification, by Nativity: 2014 Country of Birth: 2014 Foreign Born, by Region of Birth and Years in the U.S.: 2014 Language Spoken at Home and English-Speaking Ability, by Age, Nativity and Region of Birth: 2014 Language Spoken at Home and English-Speaking Ability Among Foreign Born, by Years in the U.S. and Age: 2014

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Age/Gender/Marital Status/Fertility

Median Age in Years, by Sex, Nativity and Region of Birth: 2014 Generations, by Nativity and Region of Birth: 2014 Nativity, by Sex and Age: 2014 Age and Gender Distributions for Nativity Groups: 2014 Marital Status, by Nativity and Region of Birth: 2014 Fertility in the Past Year, by Nativity and Region of Birth: 2014

Fertility in the Past Year, by Marital Status, Nativity and Region of Birth: 2014
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Educational Attainment and Enrollment

Educational Attainment, by Nativity and Region of Birth: 2014 School Enrollment, by Nativity: 2014 High School Dropouts, by Nativity and Region of Birth: 2014 College Enrollment, by Nativity and Region of Birth: 2014

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Work/Earnings/Income

Employment Status, by Nativity and Region of Birth: 2014 Occupation, by Nativity: 2014 Occupation, by Region of Birth: 2014 Detailed Occupation, by Nativity: 2014 Detailed Occupation, by Region of Birth: 2014 Industry, by Nativity: 2014 Industry, by Region of Birth: 2014 Detailed Industry, by Nativity: 2014 Detailed Industry, by Region of Birth: 2014 Persons, by Personal Earnings, Nativity and Region of Birth: 2014 Median Personal Earnings, by Nativity and Region of Birth: 2014 Full-time, Year-round Workers, by Personal Earnings, Nativity and Region of Birth: 2014 Median Personal Earnings for Full-time, Year-round Workers, by Nativity and Region of Birth: 2014 Households, by Income, Nativity and Region of Birth: 2014 Median Household Income, by Nativity and Region of Birth: 2014

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Poverty/Health Care

Poverty, by Age, Nativity and Region of Birth: 2014 Persons Without Health Insurance, by Age, Nativity and Citizenship: 2014 Type of Health Insurance, by Nativity and Citizenship: 2014

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Homeownership and Household Characteristics

Housing Tenure, by Nativity and Region of Birth: 2014 Homeownership Among Foreign-born Heads of Households, by Years in U.S.: 2014 Persons, by Household Type, Nativity and Region of Birth: 2014 Households, by Type, Nativity and Region of Birth: 2014 Households, by Family Size, Nativity and Region of Birth: 2014

Living Arrangements of Children, by Nativity and Region of Birth: 2014
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Region and Top Five States of Residence in 2014

Foreign-born Population, by Region: 2014 Nativity, by State: 2014 Foreign Born, by State and Region of Birth: 2014 Share of Foreign Born, by State and Region of Birth: 2014

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