April 19, 2016

Statistical Portrait of Hispanics in the United States

There were 55.3 million Hispanics in the United States in 2014, comprising 17.3% of the total U.S. population. In 1980, with a population of 14.8 million, Hispanics made up just 6.5% of the total U.S. population. Click on any of the bold headings below in the summary table to see detailed tables for each.

Click here for a PDF of all the tables below and read the accompanying report. Download the Excel workbook.

For a statistical portrait of the Foreign-born population in the United States, click here.

 

Statistical Portrait of Hispanics in the United States 2014
% of the Hispanic population, unless otherwise noted
Population/Hispanic Origin/Nativity/Language Use/Race
Population (#) 55,250,517
Mexican 64.0
Foreign born 34.9
Speaking English at least very well (ages 5 and older) 68.4
White 66.2
Age/Gender/Marital Status/Fertility
Median age (in years) 28
Female 49.5
Married (ages 18 and older) 46.1
Women ages 15-44 giving birth in past year 7.0
Educational Attainment and Enrollment
(highest degree completed, ages 25 and older)
High school graduate or less 61.7
Two-year degree/Some college 23.9
Bachelor’s degree or more 14.4
Work/Earnings/Income
(ages 16 and older)
In labor force (among civilian population) 67.0
Median annual personal earnings (in 2014 dollars, among those with earnings) $22,400
Median annual household income (in 2014 dollars) $42,200
Poverty/Government Assistance/Health Care
Living in poverty 23.5
Uninsured 23.7
Homeownership and Household Characteristics
In family households 90.6
Region and Top Five States of Residence
West 40.2
California 27.1
South 36.7
Texas 18.8
Florida 8.7
Northeast 14.0
New York 6.6
Midwest 9.2
Illinois 3.9
Source: Pew Research Center tabulations of 2014 American Community Survey (1% IPUMS)

Click on each heading below to expand and see detailed tables.

Population/Hispanic Origin/Nativity/Language Use/Race

Population, by Race and Ethnicity: 2014 Racial Self-Identification Among Hispanics and Non-Hispanics: 2014 Hispanic Population, by Nativity: 2014 Detailed Hispanic Origin: 2014 Nativity, by Detailed Hispanic Origin: 2014 Nativity of Adult Population, by Detailed Hispanic Origin: 2014  Language Spoken at Home and English-Speaking Ability, by Age, Race and Ethnicity: 2014 Language Spoken at Home and English-Speaking Ability Among Foreign-Born Hispanics, by Years in the U.S. and Age: 2014 

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Age/Gender/Marital Status/Fertility

Median Age in Years, by Sex, Race and Ethnicity: 2014 Generations, by Race and Ethnicity: 2014 Race and Ethnicity, by Sex and Age: 2014 Hispanic Nativity Groups, by Sex and Age: 2014 Age and Gender Distributions for Race, Ethnicity and Nativity Groups: 2014 Marital Status, by Race and Ethnicity: 2014 Fertility in the Past Year, by Race and Ethnicity: 2014  Fertility in the Past Year, by Marital Status, Race and Ethnicity: 2014

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Educational Attainment and Enrollment

Educational Attainment, by Race and Ethnicity: 2014 Educational Attainment of Foreign- Born Hispanics: 2014 School Enrollment, by Race and Ethnicity: 2014 High School Dropouts, by Race and Ethnicity: 2014 College Enrollment, by Race and Ethnicity: 2014

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Work/Earnings/Income

Employment Status, by Race and Ethnicity: 2014 Occupation, by Race and Ethnicity: 2014 Detailed Occupation, by Race and Ethnicity: 2014 Industry, by Race and Ethnicity: 2014 Detailed Industry, by Race and Ethnicity: 2014 Persons, by Personal Earnings, Race and Ethnicity: 2014 Median Personal Earnings, by Race and Ethnicity: 2014 Full-Time, Year-Round Workers, by Personal Earnings, Race and Ethnicity: 2014 Median Personal Earnings for Full-Time, Year-Round Workers, by Race and Ethnicity: 2014 Households, by Income, Race and Ethnicity: 2014

Median Household Income, by Race and Ethnicity: 2014
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Poverty/Government Assistance/Health Care

Poverty, by Age, Race and Ethnicity: 2014 Welfare Income, by Race and Ethnicity: 2014  Food Stamp Recipiency, by Race and Ethnicity: 2014 Persons Without Health Insurance, by Age, Race and Ethnicity: 2014 Type of Health Insurance, by Race and Ethnicity: 2014

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Homeownership and Household Characteristics

Housing Tenure, by Race and Ethnicity: 2014 Homeownership Among Foreign-Born Hispanic Heads of Households, by Years in the U.S.: 2014 Persons, by Household Type, Race and Ethnicity: 2014 Households, by Family Size, Race and Ethnicity: 2014 Living Arrangements of Children, by Race and Ethnicity: 2014

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Region and Top Five States of Residence

Hispanic Population, by Region: 2014 Hispanic Population, by State: 2014 Distribution of Hispanics Across States: 2014

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