April 19, 2016

Statistical Portrait of Hispanics in the United States

There were 55.3 million Hispanics in the United States in 2014, comprising 17.3% of the total U.S. population. In 1980, with a population of 14.8 million, Hispanics made up just 6.5% of the total U.S. population. Click on any of the bold headings below in the summary table to see detailed tables for each.

Click here for a PDF of all the tables below and read the accompanying report. Download the Excel workbook.

For a statistical portrait of the Foreign-born population in the United States, click here.

 

Characteristics of the U.S. Hispanic Population: 1980-2014
% of the Hispanic population, unless otherwise noted
1980 1990 2000 2010 2014
Population/Hispanic Origin/Nativity/Language Use/Race
Population (#) 14,775,080 21,836,851 35,204,480 50,729,570 55,250,517
Mexican N/A N/A N/A 64.9 64.0
Foreign born 28.3 35.7 40.1 37.1 34.9
Speaking English at least very well (ages 5 and older) 59.0 60.7 59.3 64.8 66.2
White N/A N/A 47.8 64.1 66.2
Age/Gender/Marital Status/Fertility
Median age (in years) 22 25 25 27 28
Female 50.4 49.2 48.8 49.3 49.5
Married (ages 18 and older) 60.5 54.9 55.0 47.8 46.1
Women ages 15-44 giving birth in past year N/A N/A N/A 8.1 7.0
Educational Attainment and Enrollment
(highest degree completed, ages 25 and older)
High school graduate or less 78.4 71.7 69.6 64.1 61.7
Two-year degree/Some college 13.9 19.2 19.9 22.8 23.9
Bachelor’s degree or more 7.7 9.1 10.5 13.1 14.4
Work/Earnings/Income
(ages 16 and older)
In labor force (among civilian population) 62.9 67.3 61.2 67.6 67.0
Median annual personal earnings (in 2014 dollars, among those with earnings) N/A $21,089 $23,370 $21,717 $22,400
Median annual household income (in 2014 dollars) $36,709 $42,179 $45,764 $43,434 $42,200
Poverty/Government Assistance
Living in poverty 23.2 24.9 22.5 24.7 23.5
Homeownership and Household Characteristics
In family households 93.3 92.6 92.3 91.2 90.6
Region and Top Five States of Residence
West 42.7 45.5 43.4 40.8 40.2
California 31.0 34.6 31.0 27.8 27.1
South 30.6 30.4 32.8 36.1 36.7
Texas 20.4 19.6 18.9 18.8 18.8
Florida 5.9 7.1 7.6 8.4 8.7
Northeast 17.9 16.6 14.9 13.8 14.0
New York 11.4 9.8 8.1 6.8 6.6
Midwest 8.7 7.6 8.9 9.2 9.2
Illinois 4.4 4.0 4.3 4.0 3.9
Source: Pew Research Center tabulations of 1980, 1990 and 2000 censuses (5% IPUMS) and 2010 and 2014 American Community Surveys (1% IPUMS)

Click on each heading below to expand and see detailed tables.

Population/Hispanic Origin/Nativity/Language Use/Race

Population, by Race and Ethnicity: 1980-2014 Racial Self-Identification Among Hispanics and Non-Hispanics: 2000-2014 Racial Self-Identification Among Hispanics and Non-Hispanics: 2000-2014 Hispanic Population, by Nativity: 1980-2014 Detailed Hispanic Origin: 2010 and 2014 Detailed Hispanic Origin of Adults: 2010 and 2014 Nativity, by Detailed Hispanic Origin: 2010 and 2014  Nativity of Adults, by Detailed Hispanic Origin: 2010 and 2014 Language Spoken at Home and English-Speaking Ability of Children, by Race and Ethnicity: 1980-2014 Language Spoken at Home and English-Speaking Ability of Children, by Race and Ethnicity: 1980-2014 Language Spoken at Home and English-Speaking Ability of Adults, by Race and Ethnicity: 1980-2014 Language Spoken at Home and English-Speaking Ability of Adults, by Race and Ethnicity: 1980-2014 Language Spoken at Home and English-Speaking Ability Among Foreign-born Children, by Years in the U.S.: 1980-2014 Language Spoken at Home and English-Speaking Ability Among Foreign-born Children, by Years in the U.S.: 1980-2014 Language Spoken at Home and English-Speaking Ability Among Foreign-born Adults, by Years in the U.S.: 1980-2014

Language Spoken at Home and English- Speaking Ability Among Foreign-born Adults, by Years in the U.S.: 1980-2014
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Age/Gender/Marital Status/Fertility

Median Age in Years, by Sex, Race and Ethnicity: 1980-2014 Hispanic Population, by Sex and Age: 1980-2014 Non-Hispanic White Population, by Sex and Age: 1980-2014 Hispanic Foreign-born Population, by Sex and Age: 1980-2014 Hispanic U.S.-born Population, by Sex and Age: 1980-2014 Age and Gender Distributions for Race, Ethnicity and Nativity Groups: 1980 Age and Gender Distributions for Race, Ethnicity and Nativity Groups: 1990 Age and Gender Distributions for Race, Ethnicity and Nativity Groups: 2000 Age and Gender Distributions for Race, Ethnicity and Nativity Groups: 2010 Age and Gender Distributions for Race, Ethnicity and Nativity Groups: 2014 Marital Status, by Race and Ethnicity: 1980-2014 Marital Status, by Race and Ethnicity: 1980-2014 Fertility in the Past Year, by Race and Ethnicity: 2010 and 2014 Fertility in the Past Year, by Marital Status, Race and Ethnicity: 2010 and 2014

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Educational Attainment and Enrollment

Educational Attainment, by Race and Ethnicity: 1980-2014 Educational Attainment, by Race and Ethnicity: 1980-2014 Educational Attainment of Foreign-born Hispanics: 1980-2014 School Enrollment, by Race and Ethnicity: 1980-2014  High School Dropouts, by Race and Ethnicity: 1980-2014 College Enrollment, by Race and Ethnicity: 1980-2014

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Work/Earnings/Income

Employment Status, by Race and Ethnicity: 1980-2014 Median Personal Earnings, by Race and Ethnicity: 1990-2014 Median Personal Earnings for Full-Time, Year- Round Workers, by Race and Ethnicity: 1990-2014 Median Household Income, by Race and Ethnicity: 1980-2014

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Poverty/Government Assistance

Poverty, by Age, Race and Ethnicity: 1980-2014 Poverty, by Age, Race and Ethnicity: 1980-2014 Welfare Income, by Race and Ethnicity: 2000-2014 Food Stamp Recipiency, by Race and Ethnicity: 2010 and 2014

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Homeownership and Household Characteristics

Housing Tenure, by Race and Ethnicity: 1980-2014 Homeownership Among Foreign-born Hispanic Heads of Households, by Years in the U.S.: 1980-2014 Persons, by Household Type, Race and Ethnicity: 1980-2014 Persons, by Household Type, Race and Ethnicity: 1980-2014 Households, by Family Size, Race and Ethnicity: 1980-2014 Households, by Family Size, Race and Ethnicity: 1980-2014 Living Arrangements of Children, by Race and Ethnicity: 1980-2014 Living Arrangements of Children, by Race and Ethnicity: 1980-2014

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Region and Top Five States of Residence

Hispanic Population, by Region: 1980-2014 Hispanic Population, by State: 1980-2014 Share Hispanic, by State: 1980-2014 Distribution of Hispanics Across States: 1980-2014

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