April 29, 2014

Statistical Portrait of the Foreign-Born Population in the United States, 2012

This statistical profile of the foreign-born population is based on Pew Research Center’s Hispanic Trends Project tabulations of the Census Bureau’s 2012 American Community Survey (ACS). Users should exercise caution when comparing the 2012 estimates with estimates for previous years. Population estimates in the 2012 ACS are based on the latest information from the 2010 Decennial Census; the 2005 to 2009 ACS estimates are based on the latest information available for those surveys—updates of the 2000 Decennial Census. The impact of this discontinuity on comparisons between the 2010 and later ACS and earlier years is discussed in a Hispanic Trends Project 2012 report.

The ACS is the largest household survey in the United States, with a sample of about 3 million addresses. It covers the topics previously covered in the long form of the decennial census. The ACS is designed to provide estimates of the size and characteristics of the resident population, which includes persons living in households and group quarters.

The specific data sources for this statistical profile are the 1% sample of the 2012 ACS Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) and the 5% sample of the 2000 Census IPUMS provided by the University of Minnesota.1 The IPUMS assigns uniform codes, to the extent possible, to data collected by the decennial census and the ACS from 1850 to 2012.

Due to differences in the way in which the IPUMS and Census Bureau adjust income data and assign poverty status, data provided in Tables 31 – 37 might differ from data on these variables that are provided by the Census Bureau. Due to data collection errors in the 2012 ACS, fertility data was suppressed for seven states (Florida, Georgia, Kansas, Montana, North Carolina, Ohio and Texas). As a result, 2011 ACA data is shown in Tables 15 and 16.

For more details, see the 2012 American Community Survey’s Accuracy Statement provided by the U.S. Census Bureau. For more information about the IPUMS, including variable definition and sampling error, please visit http://usa.ipums.org/usa/design.shtml. To learn more about the sampling strategy and associated error of the 2000 Census or the 2012 American Community Survey, please refer to Chapter 8 of the U.S. Census Summary File 3: 2000 and U.S. Census Design Methodology, respectively.

For the purposes of this statistical portrait, the foreign born include those persons who identified as naturalized citizens or non-citizens and are living in the 50 states or the District of Columbia. Persons born in Puerto Rico and other outlying territories of the U.S. and who are now living in the 50 states or the District of Columbia are included in the native-born population.

1. Steven Ruggles, J. Trent Alexander, Katie Genadek, Ronald Goeken, Matthew B. Schroeder, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 5.0 (Machine-readable database). Minneapolis: University of Minnesota, 2011 http://usa.ipums.org/usa.

  1. Table 1.Population, by Nativity and Citizenship Status: 2000 and 2012
  2. Table 2.Population Change, by Nativity: 2000 and 2012
  3. Table 3.Foreign Born, by Region of Birth: 2000 and 2012
  4. Table 4.Change in the Foreign-Born Population, by Region of Birth: 2000 and 2012
  5. Table 5.Country of Birth: 2012
  6. Table 6.Population, by Nativity, Race and Ethnicity: 2012
  7. Table 7.Racial Self-Identification, by Nativity: 2012
  8. Table 8.Foreign Born, by Region of Birth and Date of Arrival: 2012
  9. Table 9.Nativity, by Sex and Age: 2012
  10. Table 9a.Age and Gender Distributions for Nativity Groups: 2012
  11. Table 10.Median Age in Years, by Sex and Region of Birth: 2012
  12. Table 11.Foreign Born, by State: 2012
  13. Table 12.Change in the Foreign-Born Population, by State: 2000 and 2012
  14. Table 13.Foreign Born, by State and Region of Birth: 2012
  15. Table 13a.Foreign Born, by State and Region of Birth: 2012
  16. Table 14.Marital Status, by Region of Birth: 2012
  17. Table 15.Fertility in the Past Year, by Region of Birth: 2011
  18. Table 16.Fertility in the Past Year, by Marital Status and Region of Birth: 2011
  19. Table 17.Persons, by Household Type and Region of Birth: 2012
  20. Table 18.Households, by Type and Region of Birth: 2012
  21. Table 19.Households, by Family Size and Region of Birth: 2012
  22. Table 20.Living Arrangements of Children, by Region of Birth: 2012
  23. Table 21.Language Spoken at Home and English-Speaking Ability, by Age and Region of Birth: 2012
  24. Table 22.Language Spoken at Home and English-Speaking Ability Among Foreign Born, by Date of Arrival and Age: 2012
  25. Table 23.Persons, by Educational Attainment and Region of Birth: 2012
  26. Table 24.School Enrollment, by Nativity: 2000 and 2012
  27. Table 25.High School Dropouts, by Nativity and Region of Birth: 2000 and 2012
  28. Table 26.College Enrollment, by Nativity and Region of Birth: 2000 and 2012
  29. Table 27.Occupation, by Region of Birth: 2012
  30. Table 28.Detailed Occupation, by Region of Birth: 2012
  31. Table 29.Industry, by Region of Birth: 2012
  32. Table 30.Detailed Industry, by Region of Birth: 2012
  33. Table 31.Persons, by Personal Earnings and Region of Birth: 2012
  34. Table 32.Median Personal Earnings, by Region of Birth: 2012
  35. Table 33.Full-time, Year-round Workers, by Personal Earnings and Region of Birth: 2012
  36. Table 34.Median Personal Earnings for Full-time, Year-round Workers, by Region of Birth: 2012
  37. Table 35.Households, by Income and Region of Birth: 2012
  38. Table 36.Median Household Income, by Region of Birth: 2012
  39. Table 37.Poverty, by Age and Region of Birth: 2012
  40. Table 38.Persons Without Health Insurance, by Age, Nativity and Citizenship: 2012
  41. Table 39.Type of Health Insurance, by Nativity and Citizenship: 2012
  42. Table 40.Housing Tenure, by Region of Birth: 2000 and 2012
  43. Table 41.Homeownership Among Foreign-Born Heads of Households, by Date of Arrival: 2012

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