April 29, 2014

Statistical Portrait of Hispanics in the United States, 2012

This statistical profile of the Latino population is based on Pew Research Center’s Hispanic Trends Project tabulations of the Census Bureau’s 2012 American Community Survey (ACS). Users should exercise caution when comparing the 2012 estimates with estimates for previous years. Population estimates in the 2012 ACS are based on the latest information from the 2010 Decennial Census; the 2005 to 2009 ACS estimates are based on the latest information available for those surveys—updates of the 2000 Decennial Census. The impact of this discontinuity on comparisons between the 2010 and later ACS and earlier years is discussed in a Hispanic Trends Project 2012 report.

The ACS is the largest household survey in the United States, with a sample of about 3 million addresses. It covers the topics previously covered in the long form of the decennial census. The ACS is designed to provide estimates of the size and characteristics of the resident population, which includes persons living in households and group quarters.

The specific data sources for this statistical profile are the 1% sample of the 2012 ACS Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) and the 5% sample of the 2000 Census IPUMS provided by the University of Minnesota.1 The IPUMS assigns uniform codes, to the extent possible, to data collected by the decennial census and the ACS from 1850 to 2012.

Due to differences in the way in which the IPUMS and Census Bureau adjust income data and assign poverty status, data provided in Tables 31 – 37 might differ from data on these variables that are provided by the Census Bureau. Due to data collection errors in the 2012 ACS, fertility data was suppressed for seven states (Florida, Georgia, Kansas, Montana, North Carolina, Ohio and Texas). As a result, 2011 ACA data is shown in Tables 11 and 12.

For more details, see the 2012 American Community Survey’s Accuracy Statement provided by the U.S. Census Bureau. For more information about the IPUMS, including variable definition and sampling error, please visit http://usa.ipums.org/usa/design.shtml. To learn more about the sampling strategy and associated error of the 2000 Census or the 2012 American Community Survey, please refer to Chapter 8 of the U.S. Census Summary File 3: 2000 and U.S. Census Design Methodology, respectively.

For the purposes of this statistical portrait, the foreign born include those persons who identified as naturalized citizens or non-citizens and are living in the 50 states or the District of Columbia. Persons born in Puerto Rico and other outlying territories of the U.S. and who are now living in the 50 states or the District of Columbia are included in the native-born population.

1. Steven Ruggles, J. Trent Alexander, Katie Genadek, Ronald Goeken, Matthew B. Schroeder, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 5.0 (Machine-readable database). Minneapolis: University of Minnesota, 2011 http://usa.ipums.org/usa.

  1. Table 1.Population, by Race and Ethnicity: 2000 and 2012
  2. Table 2.Population Change, by Race and Ethnicity: 2000 and 2012
  3. Table 3.Racial Self-Identification Among Hispanics and Non-Hispanics: 2012
  4. Table 4.Hispanic Population, by Nativity: 2000 and 2012
  5. Table 5.Change in the Hispanic Population, by Nativity: 2000 and 2012
  6. Table 6.Detailed Hispanic Origin: 2012
  7. Table 7.Nativity, by Detailed Hispanic Origin: 2012
  8. Table 8.Race and Ethnicity, by Sex and Age: 2012
  9. Table 9.Median Age in Years, by Sex, Race and Ethnicity: 2012
  10. Table 10.Hispanic Nativity Groups, by Sex and Age: 2012
  11. Table 10a.Age and Gender Distributions for Race, Ethnicity and Nativity Groups: 2012
  12. Table 11.Fertility in the Past Year, by Race and Ethnicity: 2011
  13. Table 12.Fertility in the Past Year, by Marital Status, Race and Ethnicity: 2011
  14. Table 13.Hispanic Population, by State: 2012
  15. Table 14.Change in the Hispanic Population, by State: 2000 and 2012
  16. Table 15.Distribution of Hispanics Across States: 2000 and 2012
  17. Table 16.Marital Status, by Race and Ethnicity: 2012
  18. Table 17.Persons, by Household Type, Race and Ethnicity: 2012
  19. Table 18.Households, by Family Size, Race and Ethnicity: 2012
  20. Table 19.Living Arrangements of Children, by Race and Ethnicity: 2012
  21. Table 20.Language Spoken at Home and English-Speaking Ability, by Age, Race and Ethnicity: 2012
  22. Table 21.Language Spoken at Home and English-Speaking Ability Among Foreign-Born Hispanics, by Date of Arrival and Age: 2012
  23. Table 22.Educational Attainment, by Race and Ethnicity: 2012
  24. Table 23.Educational Attainment of Foreign-Born Hispanics: 2000 and 2012
  25. Table 24.School Enrollment, by Race and Ethnicity: 2000 and 2012
  26. Table 25.High School Dropouts, by Race and Ethnicity: 2000 and 2012
  27. Table 26.College Enrollment, by Race and Ethnicity: 2000 and 2012
  28. Table 27.Occupation, by Race and Ethnicity: 2012
  29. Table 28.Detailed Occupation, by Race and Ethnicity: 2012
  30. Table 29.Industry, by Race and Ethnicity: 2012
  31. Table 30.Detailed Industry, by Race and Ethnicity: 2012
  32. Table 31.Persons, by Personal Earnings, Race and Ethnicity: 2012
  33. Table 32.Median Personal Earnings, by Race and Ethnicity: 2012
  34. Table 33.Full-Time, Year-Round Workers, by Personal Earnings, Race and Ethnicity: 2012
  35. Table 34.Median Personal Earnings for Full-Time, Year-Round Workers, by Race and Ethnicity: 2012
  36. Table 35.Households, by Income, Race and Ethnicity: 2012
  37. Table 36.Median Household Income, by Race and Ethnicity: 2012
  38. Table 37.Poverty, by Age, Race and Ethnicity: 2012
  39. Table 38.Welfare Income, by Race and Ethnicity: 2012
  40. Table 39.Food Stamp Recipiency, by Race and Ethnicity: 2012
  41. Table 40.Persons Without Health Insurance, by Age, Race and Ethnicity: 2012
  42. Table 41.Type of Health Insurance, by Race and Ethnicity: 2012
  43. Table 42.Housing Tenure, by Race and Ethnicity: 2000 and 2012
  44. Table 43.Homeownership Among Foreign-Born Hispanic Heads of Households, by Date of Arrival: 2012

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