June 19, 2013

2011 Hispanic Origin Profiles

2011 Hispanic Origin Profiles

The 14 largest U.S. Hispanic groups by origin (based on self-described race or ethnicity)

Rankings Characteristics Top Counties ('10)

U.S. Hispanic Population -- 51,927,000

Population
Foreign born
Median age
High School
College
Language
Citizenship
Income
Poverty
Insurance
Homeowners
1
Argentineans
242,000
2
Colombians
989,000
3
Cubans
1,889,000
4
Dominicans
1,528,000
5
Ecuadorians
645,000
6
Guatemalans
1,216,000
7
Hondurans
702,000
8
Mexicans
33,539,000
9
Nicaraguans
395,000
10
Peruvians
556,000
11
Puerto Ricans
4,916,000
12
Salvadorans
1,952,000
13
Spaniards
707,000
14
Venezuelans
259,000
Rounded to the nearest thousand
Argentineans
Colombians
Cubans
Dominicans
Ecuadorians
Guatemalans
Hondurans
Mexicans
Nicaraguans
Peruvians
Puerto Ricans
Salvadorans
Spaniards
Venezuelans
Population
242,000
Foreign Born
62%
Median Age in years
35
High School Diploma Only
23%
Bachelor's Degree or More
40%
English Proficient
74%
U.S. Citizens
68%
Median Household Income
$55,000
Living in Poverty
11%
Without Health Insurance
22%
Homeowners
53%
Argentineans
Colombians
Cubans
Dominicans
Ecuadorians
Guatemalans
Hondurans
Mexicans
Nicaraguans
Peruvians
Puerto Ricans
Salvadorans
Spaniards
Venezuelans
Miami-Dade Co., FL
28,612
Los Angeles Co., CA
19,540
Broward Co., FL
10,708
Queens Co., NY
6,345
Orange Co., CA
5,566
Harris Co., TX
4,700
Palm Beach Co., FL
4,683
New York Co., NY
4,339
Cook Co., IL
3,380
Clark Co., NV
3,122
Miami-Dade Co., FL
114,701
Queens Co., NY
70,290
Broward Co., FL
66,517
Los Angeles Co., CA
25,272
Palm Beach Co., FL
22,980
Orange Co., FL
22,668
Harris Co., TX
22,342
Bergen Co., NJ
18,486
Union Co., NJ
17,750
Hudson Co., NJ
16,743
Miami-Dade Co., FL
856,007
Broward Co., FL
83,713
Hillsborough Co., FL
65,451
Palm Beach Co., FL
43,038
Los Angeles Co., CA
41,350
Hudson Co., NJ
28,652
Orange Co., FL
22,528
Clark Co., NV
20,569
Lee Co., FL
20,253
Collier Co., FL
17,179
Bronx Co., NY
240,987
New York Co., NY
155,971
Queens Co., NY
88,061
Kings Co., NY
86,764
Miami-Dade Co., FL
57,999
Essex Co., MA
53,520
Passaic Co., NJ
47,433
Hudson Co., NJ
41,174
Providence Co., RI
33,551
Broward Co., FL
27,775
Queens Co., NY
98,512
Kings Co., NY
28,684
Hudson Co., NJ
26,650
Essex Co., NJ
25,169
Bronx Co., NY
23,206
Westchester Co., NY
22,460
Miami-Dade Co., FL
19,832
Los Angeles Co., CA
19,588
Cook Co., IL
19,450
Suffolk Co., NY
17,638
Los Angeles Co., CA
214,939
Harris Co., TX
34,117
Cook Co., IL
24,931
Palm Beach Co., FL
20,080
Miami-Dade Co., FL
19,771
Providence Co., RI
17,907
Orange Co., CA
16,365
Riverside Co., CA
14,388
San Bernardino Co., CA
14,338
Prince George's Co., MD
13,818
Miami-Dade Co., FL
54,192
Harris Co., TX
47,067
Los Angeles Co., CA
42,901
Bronx Co., NY
17,990
Jefferson Parish, LA
17,056
Broward Co., FL
11,667
Fairfax Co., VA
11,418
Dallas Co., TX
11,384
Nassau Co., NY
11,051
Kings Co., NY
10,071
Los Angeles Co., CA
3,510,677
Harris Co., TX
1,250,401
Maricopa Co., AZ
975,622
Cook Co., IL
961,963
San Diego Co., CA
869,868
Riverside Co., CA
865,117
Orange Co., CA
858,068
San Bernardino Co., CA
848,541
Bexar Co., TX
843,619
Dallas Co., TX
762,168
Miami-Dade Co., FL
105,495
Los Angeles Co., CA
37,205
Broward Co., FL
8,987
San Mateo Co., CA
8,676
Harris Co., TX
7,870
San Francisco Co., CA
7,604
Contra Costa Co., CA
7,512
Alameda Co., CA
6,384
San Bernardino Co., CA
6,162
Montgomery Co., MD
4,743
Miami-Dade Co., FL
40,701
Los Angeles Co., CA
34,135
Broward Co., FL
23,600
Queens Co., NY
22,886
Passaic Co., NJ
19,696
Hudson Co., NJ
13,533
Fairfax Co., VA
12,922
Montgomery Co., MD
12,005
Westchester Co., NY
9,774
Union Co., NJ
9,446
Bronx Co., NY
298,921
Kings Co., NY
176,528
Orange Co., FL
149,457
Cook Co., IL
133,882
Philadelphia Co., PA
121,643
New York Co., NY
107,774
Queens Co., NY
102,881
Hartford Co., CT
95,964
Miami-Dade Co., FL
92,358
Hillsborough Co., FL
91,476
Los Angeles Co., CA
358,825
Harris Co., TX
123,049
Montgomery Co., MD
52,615
Suffolk Co., NY
52,315
Prince George's Co., MD
47,355
Nassau Co., NY
47,180
Fairfax Co., VA
43,566
Dallas Co., TX
42,345
Prince William Co., VA
27,269
San Bernardino Co., CA
25,056
Los Angeles Co., CA
30,356
Bernalillo Co., NM
27,920
Maricopa Co., AZ
13,365
Miami-Dade Co., FL
12,050
San Diego Co., CA
11,623
Harris Co., TX
10,904
Orange Co., CA
9,842
Bexar Co., TX
9,360
San Bernardino Co., CA
8,380
Hillsborough Co., FL
8,202
Miami-Dade Co., FL
46,851
Broward Co., FL
23,343
Harris Co., TX
8,012
Orange Co., FL
7,968
Palm Beach Co., FL
5,041
Queens Co., NY
3,580
Hillsborough Co., FL
3,349
Los Angeles Co., CA
3,279
Fort Bend Co., TX
3,082
New York Co., NY
2,573

Sources: 2011 American Community Survey
(1% IPUMS sample)

Embed this Graphic:

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Among the 51.9 million Hispanics in the United States, nearly two-thirds (64.6%), or 33.5 million, trace their family origins to Mexico. The Mexican origin population is by far the largest Hispanic origin group in the U.S. Puerto Ricans, the nation’s second largest Hispanic origin group, number about 5 million and make up 9.5% of the total Hispanic population in the 50 states and the District of Columbia. Overall, the 14 largest Hispanic origin groups—Mexicans, Puerto Ricans, Salvadorans, Cubans, Dominicans, Guatemalans, Colombians, Spaniards, Hondurans, Ecuadorians, Peruvians, Nicaraguans, Venezuelans and Argentineans—make up 95% of the U.S. Hispanic population. Six Hispanic origin groups have populations greater than 1 million.

There are differences across these thirteen population groups in the share of each that is foreign born, holds citizenship (by birth or naturalization) and is proficient in English. They are also of varying age, tend to live in different areas within the U.S. and have varying levels of education, homeownership, income and poverty.

The characteristics of the largest Hispanic origin groups in the U.S. are explored in the report “The Nation’s 14 Largest Hispanic Origin Groups: Characteristics, Rankings” and in 14 statistical profiles, one for each Hispanic origin group. Hispanic origin is based on self-described family ancestry or place of birth in response to questions in the Census Bureau’s American Community Survey. It is not necessarily the same as place of birth. For example, a person born in Los Angeles may identify his or her origin as Mexico. Likewise, some people born in Mexico may identify another country as their origin depending on the place of birth of their ancestors.

Each statistical profile describes the demographic, employment and income characteristics of a Hispanic origin population residing in the 50 states and the District of Columbia. The characteristics of an origin group are also compared with all Hispanics and the U.S. population overall. This report and accompanying Hispanic origin profiles use data from the 2011 American Community Survey.