Hispanics in the 2008 Election: Florida
Florida’s Hispanic population is the third-largest in the nation. More than 3.6 million Hispanics reside in Florida, 8% of all Hispanics in the United States. There are 1.7 million eligible Hispanic voters in Florida, 9% of all U.S. Hispanic eligible voters.1 This fact sheet provides key demographic information on Latino eligible voters.2 It also contains data on other major groups of eligible voters in Florida, with comparative data for the U.S. All data are from the Census Bureau’s 2006 American Community Survey.3
Hispanics in Florida’s Eligible Voter Population
- Florida’s population is 20% Hispanic, the 6th highest Hispanic population share nationally. New Mexico ranks first with 45%.
- Almost 14% of eligible voters in Florida are Latino, the 5th largest Hispanic eligible voter population share nationally. New Mexico ranks first with 38%.
- More than 46% of Latinos in Florida are eligible to vote, ranking 18th nationwide in the share of the Hispanic population that is eligible to vote.
Characteristics of Eligible Voters
- Florida’s Hispanic eligible voters are younger than all eligible voters in Florida—23% of Hispanic eligible voters in Florida are ages 18 to 29 versus 19% of all Florida eligible voters.
- Latino eligible voters in Florida are much more likely to be naturalized citizens than are all Florida eligible voters—45% versus 12%. They are also more likely to be naturalized than are all Latino eligible voters nationwide (26%).
- The proportion of Hispanic eligible voters in Florida who have attended college or earned at least a bachelor’s degree is nearly equal to the proportion of all Florida eligible voters who have that level of education—50% of Hispanics versus 54% of all eligible voters in Florida. Hispanic eligible voters in Florida also have a higher level of education than all Hispanic eligible voters nationwide, only 41% of whom have attended college or earned a bachelor’s degree or more.
- Latino eligible voters and all eligible voters in Florida have similar household incomes. Almost 48% of Latino eligible voters reside in households with incomes below $50,000 while 45% of all eligible voters report the same.
Characteristics of Eligible Voters in Florida, by Race and Ethnicity
- There are almost equal numbers of black and Latino eligible voters in Florida—1.6 million blacks compared with 1.7 million Latino eligible voters.
- Black eligible voters are younger than Hispanic or white eligible voters in Florida—28% of black eligible voters are ages 18 to 29 compared with 23% of Hispanic and 16% of white eligible voters.
- Hispanic eligible voters in Florida are more likely than blacks, but less likely than whites, to have attended college or earned at least a bachelor’s degree—50% of Hispanic eligible voters have attended college or earned at least a bachelor’s degree compared with 57% of white and 41% of black eligible voters.
- Hispanic eligible voters are less likely than white eligible voters in Florida to live in owner-occupied homes—69% versus 78%.
- Latino and white eligible voters in Florida have similar household incomes, but black eligible voters report lower levels of household income—48% of Latino, 42% of white, and 58% of black eligible voters report household incomes less than $50,000.
- In this fact sheet, eligible voters are defined as U.S. citizens ages 18 and older. Eligible voters are not the same as registered voters. To cast a vote, in all states except North Dakota, an eligible voter must first register to vote. ↩
- The terms “Hispanic” and “Latino” are used interchangeably. References to “whites” and “blacks” are to the non-Hispanic components of those populations. ↩
- The specific data set used to derive estimates contained in this fact sheet are from the University of Minnesota’s Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) for the 2006 American Community Survey (1% sample). Information can be found on the following Website: http://usa.ipums.org/usa/. The estimates in this fact sheet are subject to sampling error. Also, estimates in this fact sheet will differ from estimates that may be published by the Census Bureau because of differences between the data used by the Census Bureau and the data it has released for public use. Further information on Census data and on sampling error in the data is available at http://www.census.gov/acs/www/Downloads/2006/AccuracyPUMS.pdf. ↩